The globalization of the economy and its concomitant demands on the workforce requires a different education that improves learners’ ability to access, evaluate, adapt and apply knowledge, think independently to exercise adequate verdict, and collaborate with others to make sense of new situations. Globalization is not the only factor behind the changes that affect education, and similarly, it is not the only factor that motivates the policy-formulating local special interests. But globalization has confronted nation-states with challenges of a hitherto unknown nature, and much of the relatively recent, never-ending shift in education is a corollary of these challenges. The nature and complexity of globalization forces that; any discussion of their impact on education raises fundamental questions. It should be a matter of considerable debate among educators, researchers, and policymakers.
Many Dimensions of Globalization:
According to a PhD dissertation writing service, the globalization of trade, production, and consumption is economic. Much of what we buy in the UK is developed and imported overseas, for example, mostly by Transnational Corporations, or companies operating in more than one country, including Shell. We have seen a decline in manufacturing jobs in recent years as a result of globalization because they have moved abroad (to countries like China) and most jobs in the UK are now in the service and recreation sectors.
Cultural Globalization refers to the ever more rapid spread of ideas and values around the world. This is largely brought on by the growth of ICT – communications technology that allows for instant contact with people in other countries. Economic globalization, from the spread of music and fashion and consumer goods and entertainment to the spread of political and religious ideas, encompasses everything.
Increasing Migration also forms part of globalization – with more people moving around the world for different reasons. Sometimes this is voluntary, with people moving for work or education abroad, other times it is involuntary – as is the case with dispute refugees or climate catastrophes. The UK is now a much more multicultural society than it was in the 1950s as a result of increasing immigration.
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Consequences Of Globalization In Education For UK Students:
- Increasing competition for jobs abroad has meant increased spending on education by the New Labor government to try to offer kids skills and make them more competitive on a global labour market. New Labor wanted 50 % of children to enter higher education, although that objective was never achieved.
- The establishment of global ICT companies such as Google and Apple forms part of economic globalization. Such important organizations are now active in writing curricula and for different governments around the world learning materials online. Transnational corporations are thus increasingly shaping education, making a profit from providing these services to the government. For example, if you have an examination with the Edexcel exam board, it would have been written by Pearsons (along with your textbook), a global company.
- That migration has meant that education is becoming more multicultural – all schools are becoming taught about the ‘six world religions’ in RE, and we have several religious schools in the UK serving Muslim and Jewish students. Schools have had to respond to rising numbers of Polish children entering elementary and secondary schools in recent years.
- Increasing cultural globalization questions the importance of a ‘National Curriculum’ what are the nation state’s position and the concept of a ‘country curriculum’ as we live in a growing global culture? It also asks what kind of literature and history we should be talking about.
- Finally, the growth of global ICT companies and global media challenges the authority of traditional schooling, and possibly teachers, more generally. What role does a conventional classroom model play in getting all your information on YouTube, the Student Room, and so on, for free?
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International students may also find their facilities strained as universities respond to increasingly assertive domestic students charging £9,000 or more annual fees. International students are now regarded in many universities as second-class citizens about housing and services for students. There is a serious risk of that becoming the norm.
Higher education can continue to be a key part of the UK’s economic response to globalization if it is allowed to flourish. The Universities of the UK are second only to the US and draw thousands of students from China, India and many other countries around the world each year. Such trends will continue as long as the UK remains a place of refuge for students from all over the world. The big concern is that, in particular, the government’s new student visa regime and its financing reforms put this opportunity under grave threat.